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A Letter Regarding the Immediate Release of Julian Assange to the US and the UK

To the governing body of the United Kingdom:

Now that Sweden has dropped all inquiries in the Julian Assange case, how can you arrest him for missing a bail appointment on charges that were never filed?  Please take a closer look at your case and the money you are wasting keeping him in the Embassy and release him. Truly, he did nothing wrong.  If in fact you are keeping him there to extradite him to the United States, stand up for yourself! Wikileaks published information, they did not steal it or hack the US government to get it. The UN ruling states that keeping Assange in the Embassy is inhumane. Is that really how you want the world to view the UK?

To President Trump and the Department of Justice:

You represent the American people and the Constitution of the United States that clearly states a right to freedom of speech and free press. By trying to charge wikileaks and Julian Assange, you are violating those rights. You were appointed to office to stand up for justice and the American way. By seeking to prosecute a news source such as Wikileaks, you violate the First Amendment which states:

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Wikileaks has done nothing wrong except publish information that the people of this country needed to know. Our government is controlled by the people, not the other way around. By going after a news organization like Wikileaks, you commit a great crime against the citizens of the United States.

Also, if you choose to prosecute Assange and the Wikileaks staff, you must also arrest any news organization that has published any leak over the past 10 years including but not limited to New York Times, Washington Post and CNN.

I ask that the United Kingdom and the United States drop this mess and release Assange to continue to publish and edit Wikileaks that he might once again be free. It is only right that he see his children and family again and feel the sun on his face. Even criminals in prison are allowed to go outside and exercise freely in the prison yards. By violating his human rights you violate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was put in place on December 10, 1948.

By allowing Assange and his staff to be free once again, you do a great service to the people of our countries and the world.

Thank you.

A Concerned Citizen

 

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Why We Should Support Wikileaks.org

The Reasons to Support Wikileaks, Julian Assange and Edward Snowden

I could go on and on talking about this particular subject, but I am going to try to just stick to the basic facts.

  1. Wikileaks informs the public. Most governments, whether its the US or not, hide things from the general public. Basically, the Shadow government does things that are illegal. A leaker such as Snowden, brings these crimes to light. Many consider these leakers to be traitors or spies, but in certain cases, they see something wrong going on and report it. Watergate is a good example. You had a leaker who talked to a journalist who exposed what was going on.
  2. Wikileaks is against war crimes. In 2010, Wikileaks and Julian Assange exposed the US government in Afghanistan. They were killing citizens and other heinous acts. Sometimes, war cannot be helped, but shooting sprees on citizens is wrong.
  3. Do you dislike Hillary Clinton? Why? Wikileaks exposed her criminal activities as well as John Podesta and #Pizzagate. Also we learned about #spiritcooking this way.  Do you support pedophilia?
  4. Wikileaks also brought to light the fact that Hillary and Obama created ISIS and armed them.  This again is criminal activity by government officials. This enables the public to see the truth and to get rid of the problem. As individuals, we can educate ourselves by researching these items on the web, which leads to us not being ignorant.
  5. Wikileaks has never been proven wrong in 10 years.  This a fact.
  6. Wikileaks has been attacked and Assange put in prison for exposing the truth.  Sweden made up lies about two fake rapes and Britian arrested him. Basically, they were considering expediting to the US to stand trial for “TELLING THE TRUTH”.  Julian is only the messenger. In fact, Edward Snowden was just a leaker who saw that the government was spying on it’s own citizens. Now he is in asylum in Russia.
  7. For the past 5 years, Assange has had to seek political asylum to avoid possible torture or death in the United States. Some say the US wouldn’t torture him, but Wikileaks exposed the US torturing Manning, so why wouldn’t they torture Assange to get names of leakers?
  8. Julian and Wikileaks are not rich. His huge legal fees has depleted any savings he had and if released, he would rely on us ot support him and his work.

In essence, everything Wikileaks has done in the past and will do in the future relies on our donations to the cause.  Please if you can afford to, go to justice4assange.com and donate. Or go to wikileaks.org and buy a t-shirt or book from their shop.free-assange

Why We Should Build the Wall: My Christian Thoughts with Bible Verses

As a Christian, I think building the wall on our southern border is a good idea.  Why? You ask.  Is it biblical? Yes, it actually is.  I will share a few Bible verses on building walls though there are many and share my thoughts on why I think God would support it, but first, I want to share my thoughts.

Do you live in an apartment complex with walls surrounding it?  Do you have bars on your windows or lock your doors? Why?  It’s most likely to protect the loved ones and valuable property within, am I correct?  It’s not about keeping people out who wouldn’t do damage. They would knock on the door to gain entrance.  It’s about keeping those out who intend harm.  Correct?

It’s the same with the southern border wall.  If people want to “knock” and come in legally, we are all for it.  It’s not racist, bigoted or anything else to want that.  We want people to come, only we want to them to do it legally.  If you will break a law to come in, who is to say you won’t break more laws.  Legal immigrants go through a process of teaching them our laws.  Illegals only know former laws.  Many laws in foreign countries can be broken if the police are bribed.

Every city in Biblical times was surrounded by a wall. They wanted to protect the people that lived within from attacks because they valued them.  Here are some verses on building the wall in Jerusalem:

2 Chronicles 32:5  And he took courage and rebuilt all the wall that had been broken down and erected towers on it, and built another outside wall and strengthened the Millo in the city of David, and made weapons and shields in great number.

Nehemiah 2:17 Then I said to them, “You see the trouble we are in: Jerusalem lies in ruins, and its gates have been burned with fire.Come, let us rebuild the wall of Jerusalem, and we will no longer be in disgrace.”

Ezekiel 42:20  He measured it on the four sides; it had a wall all around, the length five hundred and the width five hundred, to divide between the holy and the profane.

Revelation 21:12-19  It had a great and high wall, with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names were written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel. There were three gates on the east and three gates on the north and three gates on the south and three gates on the west. And the wall of the city had twelve foundation stones, and on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. The one who spoke with me had a gold measuring rod to measure the city, and its gates and its wall. The city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as the width; and he measured the city with the rod, fifteen hundred miles; its length and width and height are equal. And he measured its wall, seventy-two yards, according to human measurements, which are also angelic measurements. The material of the wall was jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. The foundation stones of the city wall were adorned with every kind of precious stone The first foundation stone was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;

The final verse, I believe speaks of the New Jerusalem prophesied by John the Disciple.  If our future as Christians is the New Jerusalem and a New Earth and it has a wall, why shouldn’t we build a wall to protect Americans from those who intend to hurt it?  Why shouldn’t we protect those within? border-wall-1024x576.jpgProposed southern border wall

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Ancient wall around Jerusalem

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Temple Mount

 

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The Absolute Isolation of Julian Assange

Do you remember the television show “I Dream of Jeanie”? Remember her tiny little room in the lamp her master found her in? He’d call for her and she’d appear and sometimes even got out of his house. Compared to Julian Assange, she had it made. He is stuck in his little room and can never leave other than to meet a visitor in another little room or go to his bed in a converted women’s bathroom. The isolation and loneliness must be overwhelming at times.

Now imagine being stuck in that room for 8 months and not allowed internet access, phone calls or visitors. He’s endured that and even though his rights have been partially restored, he’s still being detained arbitrarily. If he leaves these confines, he looks at extradition to the U.S. where he faces life behind bars, in solitary confinement, if not the death penalty. If he is convicted of espionage, he may not even be allowed visitors or to see his lawyers.

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Visitors find Assange still in good spirits, however. He’s ready to fight as always. After 8 years of isolation and 8 months of pure torture, most people would have easily given up. Not Assange. His courage and integrity stand up against 3 governments who want to destroy him.

As a publisher and journalist, this man has endured much more than any other in the history of the United States itself. He has stood heroicly against world government’s corruption and injustice, exposing what is wrong. So why is the United States and the United Kingdom trying so desperately to silence him? Because they themselves have become criminal and crooked. They hide their crimes from the public and when exposed prosecute the whistleblowers who bring to light their fraudulent transgressions.

Mainstream Media should have long ago broadcast this disgusting atrocity against human rights and free speech but being organizations that propaganda tools this would be against the corporations who own them. In fact, there have been more smears published about Assange than anything else.

Many have never even heard of Julian Assange and the fact he has been confined to the Ecuadorian Embassy in London for 6 1/2 years without sunlight, fresh air or proper medical care against two UN rulings. They have no idea that the government who promised to protect him tortured him for 8 months through solitary confinement. Even prisoners get an hour outside a day, yet Assange has been allowed on the balcony only 6 times for a few minutes in the last 6 years. This is a tragedy and a disgusting display of government overreach amongst other things.

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The permanent damage done to this man can never be repaired or repaid. The damage done by his stint in solitary confinement alone is irreversible. (See my article on the effects of solitary confinement seen here.) Yet, Julian Assange still stands tall. An innocent man who simply published the truth against governments who seek to destroy him in order to make what he has exposed a crime.

How will this all end? We can only fight to see a good outcome. In fact, we must fight that this man does not deteriorate before our eyes. As human beings, we must end this breach of human rights and save this man for truth and justice and for good conscience sake.

Please write your elected officials or call them and demand they stand up for this man and free him. If not for a fellow human being, for future generations free speech and free press.

What Is the U.N.Convention Against Torture Law and How Can It Help Julian Assange

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I have only recently learned of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment also known as the U.N. CAT law or convention against Torture.  Under this law, I have found a few things that may have been overlooked in regards to the illegal detainment of Julian Assange. According to article one found here:

“For the purpose of this Convention, the term “torture” means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him, or a third person, information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in, or incidental to, lawful sanctions.”

In the case of Julian Assange, with 8 years arbitrary detention 6 of which have been without fresh air, sunlight or proper medical care and the complete isolation of over 8 months this past year, his situation certainly is considered torture under international law.  In fact, the U.N. has ruled twice in favor of Assange, finding the U.K. has detained Assange illegally as seen here:

“The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention considers that the various forms of deprivation of liberty to which Julian Assange has been subjected constitute a form of arbitrary detention,” said Seong-Phil Hong, who currently heads the expert panel.

“The Working Group maintains that the arbitrary detention of Mr. Assange should be brought to an end, that his physical integrity and freedom of movement be respected, and that he should be entitled to an enforceable right to compensation,” Mr. Hong added.  

However, it has not been brought in front of the U.N. the current state of torture Assange is suffering.  The funny thing is that the U.K. parliament itself ratified the U.N. CAT law and yet they continue to violate it by keeping an uncharged man imprisoned in the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.  Documentation of this ratification can be seen here.

According to Wikipedia seen here:

“The Committee against Torture (CAT) is a body of human rights experts that monitors implementation of the Convention by State parties. The Committee is one of eight UN-linked human rights treaty bodies. All state parties are obliged under the Convention to submit regular reports to the CAT on how rights are being implemented. Upon ratifying the Convention, states must submit a report within one year, after which they are obliged to report every four years. The Committee examines each report and addresses its concerns and recommendations to the State party in the form of “concluding observations.” Under certain circumstances, the CAT may consider complaints or communications from individuals claiming that their rights under the Convention have been violated.”

In essence, Assange’s lawyers could bring the current situation to the Committee and very possibly stop the U.K. from being able to arrest him until the case is finalized by the U.N.  If, in fact, the committee were to find Ecuador and the British authorities in violation of the current law, Assange would most certainly be allowed to leave the premises as a free man.

Another legal matter that needs to be addressed is a Habeus Corpus sent to the United States State Department and any court that has jurisdiction in this case.  Upon investigating this, I found this at Cornell university’s law site found here.

“A writ of habeas corpus is used to bring a prisoner or other detainee (e.g. institutionalized mental patient) before the court to determine if the person’s imprisonment or detention is lawful.  A habeas petition proceeds as a civil action against the State agent (usually a warden) who holds the defendant in custody. It can also be used to examine any extradition processes used, the amount of bail, and the jurisdiction of the court.”

By then proving, without Assange being arrested, that his current detention is not only unlawful but extradition has been ordered by the United States government.  Assange would not need to be physically present at these proceedings but could appear via satellite link.  Upon proving there is an extradition order, Ecuador’s hands become tied due to Assange being a citizen of that country and cannot evict him from the Embassy.  This would also open the doors to what charges he faces in the United States.

Also under the United Nations CAT Law, explanation seen here:

“The UNCAT defines what is meant by torture, bans the use of torture, cruel and degrading treatment, bans refoulement (the extradition of individuals at risk to countries where they may face torture), requires governments to actively prevent torture, requires governments to investigate torture allegations, requires governments to provide remedy to torture victims and establishes an appropriate UN committee to deal with issues of redress, monitoring and investigation.”

In other words, because Assange faces the possibility of torture named out in the Stratfor emails seen below, he cannot be extradited to the United States under this law.

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Another reason the torture of Assange by the United States may be inevitable is the nomination of “Bloody” Gina Haspel as CIA head.  She is known for her participation in the CIA torture program that was banned after being exposed by John Kiriakou.  Therefore, Julian Assange is in grave danger if he is extradited.

I am suggesting to the legal team of Assange that they look into this.  It may be helpful in their endeavors to free their client.

A Call Out to Journalists who Aren’t Supporting Julian Assange

You think it won’t affect you but it does…

The fact is that the persecution and silencing of publisher and journalist Julian Assange will inevitably affect journalists worldwide. It is only the beginning of the violation of free speech and free press worldwide. It will set a precedent for all media who do not follow the government’s standards for propaganda and news.

I have written before how Hitler’s browncoats took over the media first and burnt books that did not agree with their agenda. In fact, the purging of independent journalists on social media has already begun. Journalists worldwide are being murdered. When will you wake up?

Don’t forget the poem written by Pastor Ronald Niemoller seen below:

First they came for Assange… But you did not care. When they finally come for anyone who tells the truth including you, then you will wish you stood up for Julian when you had the chance. In October 2018, the independent published an article on the growing number of journalists being murdered seen here.

According to their article:
According to the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), a New-York based organisation defending the freedom of the press, at least 43 journalists have been killed in 2018 so far. The figure includes those who died in the line of fire while covering conflicts or on dangerous assignments, as well as those who were murdered. Russian journalists Alexander Rastorguyev, Kirill Radchenko and Orkhan Dzhemal were killed in June while working on a story in the Central African Republic.Figures released by the CPJ show that 46 journalists were killed in 2017.

These numbers are increasing and as Assange is isolated and being pressured to leave his asylum more and more journalists are being silenced in our midst. Where is the outrage?

You would think high profile media personalities would be protesting such an atrocity on a fellow comrade. Instead, they join in the propaganda and attempt to smear their peer. This is a disgusting display of apathy and passiveness. It’s easy to collect that paycheck and live like an elitist rather than put your own neck on the line and speak the truth, isn’t it?

I can only hope the public sees you for what you are and are able to save this man before it’s too late. For #FreePress and #FreeSpeech.

My Days Spent at the Ecuador Embassy in London: Free Assange

I was so excited when I arrived in London even though I got lost on my way to the hostel several times. London can be very beautiful in some areas and very poor in others. Arriving there I met several vigilers and then made my way over to meet Ciaron O’Reilly.

I spent 14 hours a day standing watch at night while Ciaron slept 8 of those. Hans Crescent is very quiet and lonely at night. I spent a lot of my time reflecting on the world, feeling very sad for Julian and contemplating the future. Often I thought of the persecution and torture of the man inside.

People truly don’t see the absolute injustice of what is happening to Assange. They don’t understand the irreparable damage be done by years of sensory deprivation, lack of sunlight, fresh air and medical care. They do not understand what 8 months without phone, visitors or internet can do. Solitary confinement after 15 days is considered torture according to the UN Nelson Mandela Act.

I have written before about the effects of solitary confinement on the mind,(seen here). Unfortunately the situation has not improved much for Julian. Fortunately, his father John Shipton was able to visit him for Christmas but Assange is suffering physically and there is no end in sight. The absolute horror of this atrocity does not hit you quite hard enough until you’ve stood outside that building for hours knowing what is happening inside.

It is easy for us to say there are other tragedies happening in the world today. It is easy to sit back and do nothing and expect others to take care of it for us. However, no one has ever built a skyscraper by themselves. The movement needs action not just words. People need to contact their elected officials by email, phone and letters. We need to stand in unity and solidarity or he will die in that embassy.

The reality of his plight and the need to fight harder became stronger for me by standing watch for 23 days. I met many wonderful people who are truly dedicated to this cause, but mostly it taught me that the fight to Free Assange must not only continue but strengthen.

When Life Gives You Lemons…

Recently I have felt the horror of being smeared with false accusations and blatant lies from a person who calls themselves an advocate for truth. The disgusting lies passed around by this person(s) has not only hurt me but also is destroying my fight to Free Assange. They have brought my character and desire to end the persecution of a fellow journalist into question. This not only saddens me but truly horrified me as to those who believe this disgusting attempt to destroy my fight.

Please ask yourself what this person is gaining by hurting activism. I have been a loyal supporter and activist in this struggle to save the life of Wikileaks founder Julian Assange since early 2017. Anyone who has ever seen my Twitter feed can see the time and effort I have put into this. Not to mention 3 DC vigils and most recently coming to London yo stand watch at the embassy. I have invested many hours of time and energy, not to mention funds in trying to save this man’s life and preserve our free speech and free press rights.

I think my efforts prove these disgusting falsehoods to be untrue. I refuse to let this divide and conquer scheme end my activism in this cause. The attacks on me are not uncommon to other supporters of Assange and are to be expected as more and more people join the campaign.

May God she’d light on this attempt to end my status as a warrior of truth.

Why the Extradition of Julian Assange Would Be Extremely Dangerous for Him

Commentary from Kevin Zeese of Popular Resistance, John Kiriakou and H.A. Goodman

Due to the recent accidental leak of information, we now know that there are charges against publisher and journalist, Julian Assange, as well as a grand jury indictment. Many hold the belief that extradition of Assange to the United States would be beneficial to both parties. However, this is not true.

Since March of 2018, Assange’s voice has not been heard due to a gag order by President Moreno of Ecuador. For 8 months, he was in solitary confinement without access to internet, phones or visitors. Though the gag order has been essentially lightened, the protocol put in place is intended to strangle Assange. Why was this done by Ecuador who gave him political asylum?

The Trump administration has pressured Ecuador to turn over Assange using a 5 billion dollar loan and military presence to coerce them. See here. I believe this comes also from the CIA. Under former CIA head, Mike Pompeo, the Vault7 files were released. At that time, Pompeo referred to Wikileaks and it’s founder as a “hostile intelligence agency” similar to Hamas.

Regardless of why, being charged with espionage, government theft and coercion would lead to Assange spending the rest of his life in Gitmo  or worse yet, receiving the death penalty for practicing free press and free speech. This sets a precedent for all independent journalists who publish the truth about corrupt government and corporations and violates the United States Constitution. It also violates international law.

Extradition can only lead to the torture of Assange. After all, look at what they did to Chelsea Manning while he was in prison. The Stratfor emails show the intentions of the U.S. government towards Assange as seen velow:

Nothing good can come from this. While I was attempting to write this article, I decided to contact several high profile people and ask for a short statement from them as to why they feel he shouldn’t be extradited. Here are their statements:

“The threats to Julian Assange are very real. We now know there is a secret indictment of Assange. We do not know the details but expect a prosecution for espionage in the “Rocket Docket” in Alexandria, Virginia, in the Fourth Circuit where national security cases are heard. The jury in Alexandria will be made up of intelligence officials, Pentagon workers, military contractors and their spouses. He will not get a fair trial. The movement must do all it can to stand with Julian and demand he not be prosecuted. Being an editor and publisher of national security issues and war crimes is not a crime — it is the duty of any journalist and is protected by the First Amendment.”

Kevin Zeese, co-director of Popular Resistance. Zeese is a public interest lawyer and advocate for freedom of the press

“I believe if Julian Assange is ever in UK custody, he will gain his long overdue freedom. There are too many laws the UK would break to extradite an innocent man. However’ if he was extradited it would be not only be one of the biggest travesties of justice, but the framework to silence newspapers and publishers around the world. The New York Times would be next on the list to stifle the First Amendment.”

HA Goodman, author, joirnalist

From John Kiriakou’s article which he suggested using for this
article, seen here:

The issue here is that it is highly unusual – unprecedented, even – for a foreign national (Assange is Australian) to be charged with espionage when he did not steal the information. He was simply provided the information, which he then made public. Assange says that he was just a journalist doing his job, and no administration has ever charged a journalist with espionage for doing his job.

Second, this inadvertent disclosure confirmed that Assange has been charged in the Eastern District of Virginia – the so-called “Espionage Court.” That is just what many of us have feared. Remember, no national security defendant has ever been found not guilty in the Eastern District of Virginia. The Eastern District is also known as the “rocket docket” for the swiftness with which cases are heard and decided. Not ready to mount a defense? Need more time? Haven’t received all of your discovery? Tough luck. See you in court.

Third, I have long predicted that Assange would face Judge Leonie Brinkema were he to be charged in the Eastern District. Brinkema handled my case, as well as CIA whistleblower Jeffrey Sterling’s. She also has reserved the Ed Snowden case for herself. Brinkema is a hanging judge. She was appointed to the federal bench by Ronald Reagan after serving as a federal prosecutor. She was then elevated from administrative judge to trial judge by Bill Clinton, under the patronage of former Republican senator John Warner.”

In other words, Assange would face a kangaroo court already decided in the government’s favor. We cannot allow the extradition of Julian Assange period. We must protect our freedom of press and speech. We must fight!

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Smearing Julian Assange

The recent fake news surrounding Julian Assange is nothing new. In fact, the character assassination against Assange by mainstream media is beyond any smear they have ever done against any Presidential candidate or leader in the history of journalism. It is simply a disgusting attempt to destroy the truth that Wikileaks brought to the public.

Actually, the destruction of who Assange is has been going on since the Collateral Murder video . The U.S. has continuously used media to try and destroy the truth that Assange and Wikileaks lays on the table with smears.

Almost every mainstream media organization has at some time distorted the Swedish allegations calling them charges and called his political asylum in the Ecuadorian embassy in London either being “holed up” or escaping justice.

The problem is that by smearing Julian with outright lies, they are making their own organizations less trustworthy. I believe there is a fine line between supporting free speech and allowing reporters to flat out lie. Those who commit slander and libel against an individual can destroy organizations and lives. These people should be held accountable for spreading their rumors. I see nothing wrong with a good court case to sue those who destroy others.

Quoted from the UKs inquiry into fake news and bribes, you can see Julian’s submission here

“The truth has positive social utility because it helps us to
understand the world around us…..However, the same reasons that give the truth positive social utility also means that lies have negative social utility; they undermine our understanding of the world.” – Julian Assange

The whole piece is very well written as Assange is known for and contains very helpful information. I recommend reading the whole thing.

When it comes to news articles that smear, one must ask themselves what the author hopes to gain by doing so. What is their ulterior motive? Is it government propaganda? What prompted them to lie? Oftentimes, when a person asks themselves these things they find that the article is not the truth.

Unfortunately in the case of Assange, it doesn’t just make him look bad but may literally be a life and death matter. The US government will use any devices necessary to get their grimy evil hands on him to make him an example. By doing so, they intend to instill fear into all journalists who attempt to bring the truth to the masses.

In reality, our government isn’t just persecuting Assange and planning to destroy him…

They are doing this to every US citizen by persecuting first amendment rights. So even if you don’t like Julian, fight for him for your own good & your childrens!

Hold media accountable for fake news by boycotting those spreading disinformation and vet everything you hear and read.

Mayo Clinic Medical Journal Input on My Palytoxin Poison last January

In January of last year, I was exposed via inhalation to Palytoxin Poisoning from our salt water tank.  Zoanthids are coral that contain this lethal poison.  We were attempting to boil live rock which had green algae on it.  We had done this many times before so thought nothing of it until we discovered 3 stalks of Zoas on the rocks.  Within 30 minutes neither one of us could breathe and were experiencing severe chest pain and dizziness.  We then went to the hospital. The fact that palytoxin poisoning is possible by disrupting this type of coral is not commonly known and you are not warned when purchasing at a salt water store.  This is a very dangerous situation as there is no known anti-toxin and 3 out of 4 people die from exposure.zoas E.jpg

Picture of zoanthids above.  As you can see they are very beautiful.  A stalk is about the size of the end of a pencil eraser.  Medical Journal insertion is below.

 

Aquarist be warned: Palytoxin-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome
Abstract:
Palytoxin is a potent poison released from a variety of marine organisms. It has an intravenous
median lethal dose(LD50) of 150ng/kg in mice, making it one of the most potent naturally
occurring toxins. Toxicity is commonly seen following ingestion and less frequently from
exposure through the transdermal, inhalational or ocular route. The toxin inhibits the sodiumpotassium
ATPase pump disrupting transmembrane ion fluxes culminating in cell death; since
the ATPase pump is ubiquitous, many organ systems can be affected. Palytoxin inhalation is a
rare cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Here we report a family that was affected by
this toxin as they were cleaning their saltwater aquarium.

 

Introduction
Many aquarists attempt to simulate the natural living environments of their pets with corrals,
algae, sea anemones and other aquatic organisms. Unfortunately, aquarists may be unaware of
the toxins released by the organisms in their artificial aquatic biomes. Palytoxin is one of the
many marine toxins known to man. Human poisoning after consumption of postulated palytoxin
contaminated food is thought to be the commonest presentation. The inability to detect the toxin
in serum or other body fluids hampers a convincing diagnosis of palytoxin toxicity. Acute
respiratory distress syndrome is a rare presentation following palytoxin exposure.
Case presentation
Patient 1
A 46-year-old woman with history of type 1 diabetes mellitus and anxiety disorder presented to
the emergency department due to complaints of acute dyspnea, cough and burning sensation in
the chest. These complaints started several seconds after she and her spouse were exposed to
fumes from boiling aquarium rocks covered in green coral algae in their salt water fish tank.
Upon presentation in the emergency department, she was afebrile, pulse rate was 130/minute,
respiratory rate 32/minute, oxyhemoglobin saturation was 88 percent on ambient air. Physical
examination was remarkable for increased work of breathing and diminished breath sounds throughout the lungs. A frontal chest x-ray showed no acute process (Figure1). Her laboratory
investigations were remarkable for leukocytosis of 18 x10(9)/L with left shift (normal white count
3.4 – 9.6 x10(9)/L) , lactate of 5.4 mmol/L (normal range 0.6 – 2.3 mmol/L) an anion gap of 16
(normal: less than12). Her urine drug screen was negative.
She was admitted to the intensive care unit for close monitoring and initiated on normal saline
infusion, intravenous glucocorticoids, bronchodilators and empiric antibiotic coverage. Despite
all these, she developed hyperthermia as high as 40.3 centigrade later in the day. The next day
her respiratory status worsened requiring Venturi mask. ABG showed hypoxemia with a
PaO2/FiO2 ratio of 140. Repeat Chest x-ray and chest computer tomography (CT) showed
diffuse bilateral pulmonary opacities suggestive of adult respiratory distress syndrome (Figure 2
– 4). She was treated supportively with separation from the offending inhalational insult, highflow
supplemental oxygen, rehabilitation, and DVT prophylaxis. She was successfully weaned
to nasal cannula oxygen on the 4th day of hospitalization and discharged from the hospital on
the 5th day.

Patient 2
The 49-year-old husband of the patient 1 above also presented to the ED with a persistent
cough and shortness of breath after accidental exposure to the vapors. He had been standing
behind his wife as she was boiling the coral rocks. He also developed cough, wheezing, and
shortness of breath immediately after the exposure. At the time of admission, his pulse rate was
110/minute, respiratory rate 24/minute, oxyhemoglobin saturation normal. Physical examination
revealed rhonchi at the lung bases. His laboratory workup revealed WBC 25 x10(9)/L with left
shift (normal white count 3.4 – 9.6 x10(9)/L), anion gap 16 (normal 12) and lactate 3.8 mmol/L
(normal range 0.6 – 2.3 mmol/L). His urine drug screen was negative. A plain-film frontal chest
radiograph was normal. A high-resolution CT chest demonstrated ground-glass infiltrate at the
lower lungs posteriorly. The patient was managed with supplemental oxygen, bronchodilator
therapy, intravenous rehydration, empiric IV levofloxacin, and IV hydrocortisone. The patient’s
condition improved after 48 hours of management. He was weaned off oxygen and discharged
home on a bronchodilator, oral prednisone and the remainder of the levofloxacin course.

The complex non-polymeric chemical structure of this naturally occurring poison was elucidated
in 1981. It is not inactivated by boiling and is stable in neutral aqueous solutions for prolonged
periods. Acidic or alkaline conditions promote rapid decompensation, thus loss of its toxicity
when sources are treated with disruptions in pH.(10) The inhalational median lethal dose (LD50)
of palytoxin in rats is 0.36g/kg; it is more lethal than sarin(LD50 154g/kg) and VX nerve
gas(LD50 110.7g/kg). The sodium-potassium ATPase pump is the primary binding site of the
toxin, converting these ion-specific pumps into non-selective cationic pores.(13) The disrupted
ion pumps result in cell death due to Ca2+ overloading. Palytoxin and its congeners alter the
ion homeostasis in excitable (muscles and nerves) and non-excitable(GI tract, lung) tissues.
Clinical effects of inhaled palytoxin poisoning
In 2005, approximately 200 people near Genoa, Italy experienced symptoms of rhinorrhea,
cough, mild dyspnea, bronchoconstriction, and fever in summer when an unusual bloom of
Ostreopsis ovata was noted on the coast. The symptoms peaked and resolved in association
with the bloom climax and dissipation, respectively. The putative Palytoxin was identified in the
seawater samples using light chromatography with mass spectrometry.(14) In the large study
population by Murphy, the most common clinical effects reported were fever (61.4%), dyspnea
(54.5%), cough (34.1%), tachycardia (20.5%), muscle weakness (18.2%) and vomiting
(18.2%).(9) Patients developing chest pain, fever, dyspnea, and tachycardia were more
commonly admitted in the ICU.(9)
Tubaro et al. noted a scarcity of information regarding confirmed poisonings due to the
methodological difficulties for toxin detection in human biological samples.(15) Hence, a case
definition of inhalational exposure to palytoxin was proposed which constitute the following –

1. Stay at the seaside(<90m from the shore-line) in concomitance with an algal bloom, or in
laboratories dealing with algae/algal toxins, inhalation of steam from cleaning aquaria
2. Seeking medical care
3. Presence of at least two of the following signs/symptoms – local dermatitis, systemic
cutaneous rash, numbness or weakness of the extremities, dizziness, myalgia, chest
pain, breathing difficulties, fever, neurological disorder.(15)
Both our patients satisfy the case definition of palytoxin poisoning as mentioned above. Patient
1, who was in immediate contact with the toxin, developed acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Patient 2, who was in the vicinity but farther from the coral rocks, developed less severe
symptoms/signs consistent with palytoxin poisoning. The severity of symptoms/signs following
transient exposure to its fumes is noteworthy.
Management of palytoxin exposure
There is no specific antidote to palytoxin, so management of palytoxin poisoning is supportive
and focused on treating the clinical sequelae, such as respiratory failure, ARDS, and shock.
Oxygen, bronchodilators, intravenous fluids, antihistaminics, and steroids (inhalational and/or
systemic) are commonly employed, although controlled efficacy data is lacking. No definitive guidelines for the management of patients exposed to this toxin have been developed due to its
rarity.
Conclusion
Palytoxin poisoning is a potential complication of exposure to aquarium-related flora. Diagnosis
of palytoxin poisoning is hampered due to the absence of tests which can detect the toxin in
human tissue and is therefore a clinical diagnosis. Major symptoms develop following a few
seconds of exposure to this potentially lethal toxin due to its potent nature. There is no antidote
to palytoxin poisoning, and management is supportive. It is imperative that physicians be aware
of this toxin’s lethal nature for prompt management.

Reference
1. Patocka J, Nepovimova E, Wu Q, et al.: Palytoxin congeners. Arch Toxicol 2017; 92:1–14
2. Thakur LK, Jha KK: Palytoxin-induced acute respiratory failure. Respir Med Case Reports
2017; 20:4–6
3. Sud P, Su MK, Greller HA, et al.: Case Series: Inhaled Coral Vapor-Toxicity in a Tank. J
Med Toxicol 2013; 9:282–286
4. Hamade AK, Deglin SE, McLaughlin JB, et al.: Suspected Palytoxin Inhalation Exposures
Associated with Zoanthid Corals in Aquarium Shops and Homes – Alaska, 2012-2014.
[Internet]. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015; 64:852–855
5. Hall C, Levy D, Sattler S: A Case of Palytoxin Poisoning in a Home Aquarium Enthusiast
and His Family. Case Rep Emerg Med 2015; 2015:10–13
6. Bernasconi M, Berger D, Tamm M, et al.: Aquarism: An innocent leisure activity?
Respiration 2012; 84:436–439
7. Young E: World’s 2nd deadliest poison, in an aquarium store near you [Internet].
Discover 2011; [cited 2018 Feb 25]
8. Violand N: Aquarium Science : Palytoxin and You : How and Why to Avoid a Deadly
Zoanthid Toxin. Trop Fish Hobbyist Mag 2008; 2–4
9. Murphy LT, Charlton NP: Prevalence and characteristics of inhalational and dermal
palytoxin exposures reported to the National Poison Data System in the U.S. [Internet]. 10. Deeds JR, Schwartz MD: Human risk associated with palytoxin exposure [Internet].
Toxicon 2010; 56:150–162
11. Pelin M, Brovedani V, Sosa S, et al.: Palytoxin-containing aquarium soft corals as an
emerging sanitary problem. Mar Drugs 2016; 1412. Munday R: Palytoxin toxicology: Animal studies [Internet]. Toxicon 2011; 57:470–477
13. Wu CH: Palytoxin: Membrane mechanisms of action [Internet]. Toxicon 2009; 54:1183–
1189
14. Ciminiello P, Dell’Aversano C, Fattorusso E, et al.: The Genoa 2005 outbreak.
Determination of putative palytoxin in mediterranean Ostreopsis ovata by a new liquid
chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method. Anal Chem 2006; 78:6153–6159
15. Tubaro A, Durando P, Del Favero G, et al.: Case definitions for human poisonings
postulated to palytoxins exposure [Internet]. Toxicon 2011; 57:478–495

 

Today In Assange… Continuation of an Article on Everything in the News

black and white

Let’s start with the Guardian and their constant attempts to smear and further promote reasons for the U.S. government to extradite Assange. Last week, Luke Harding of the Guardian along with Villavicencio and Dan Collyns, reported that Paul Manafort had met with Julian. Of course, this was fake news. Wikileaks immediately countered this lie and is now seeking to sue the Guardian for slander. You can help them with their legal fees by donating here.

Dtgg5_sXgAcGykt.jpg

Further attempts to slander Assange by the Guardian in recent months include a supposed plan to smuggle Julian out of the Embassy to Russia which falls in line with accusations of Wikileaks and the supposed connection to Russia in the 2016 election. Another garbage story co-written by Luke Harding with two other authors seen here. Another fabrication by Luke Harding is #OperationHotel a supposed list of people who visited Assange in 2017 that is completely an invention of his deluded mind to sell his fiction. (See below tweet)

luke harding

Another complete fictional concoction from the Guardian was written in September claiming anonymous sourcesinvolving Russia claim a conspiracy during the 2016 election which is being used in the supposed DNC lawsuit against Wikileaks. Yet another “fake news” story by the Guardian to try and destroy and Assange and Wikileaks. (See below tweet from @AssangeLegal)

hannah

It is time for all of us to #BoycottTheGuardian and stop reading their malicious lies and support Assange and Wikileaks who have 11 year so accurate validated documents and journalism. The Guardian is no longer a news source but only comes close to National Enquirer in truth anymore.

Ecuador’s Lenin Moreno Has Been Trying to Sell Assange to the U.S As Early As May 2017

Yes, it’s true. Ecuador’s Moreno has been trying to trade Assange for loans from the U.S. government for some time now according to the New York Times (seen here). In fact, Manafort himself was doing the brokering. However, the article uses the term “holed up” which is completely untrue as Assange has political asylum in the Ecuadorian Embassy and the wording holed up is incorrect. Also there was never a rape charge only allegations by Sweden as both girls said it was consensual. It was a set up so they could extradite Mr. Assange to the U.S.

Quoted from the New York Times article:

“Mr. Manafort made the trip mainly to see if he could broker a deal under which China would invest in Ecuador’s power system, possibly yielding a fat commission for Mr. Manafort.

But the talks turned to a diplomatic sticking point between the United States and Ecuador: the fate of the WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange.

In at least two meetings with Mr. Manafort, Mr. Moreno and his aides discussed their desire to rid themselves of Mr. Assange, who has been holed up in the Ecuadorean Embassy in London since 2012, in exchange for concessions like debt relief from the United States, according to three people familiar with the talks, the details of which have not been previously reported.”

Once the Mueller investigation started, Manafort’s talks with Ecuador ended. However, it is obvious that Moreno continued to broker with the U.S. government to evict Assange and see him extradited to the United States to face charges as he put him in solitary confinement for 8 months and has instilled an unrealistic protocol for Julian to follow recently.

A human being should never be up for sale like they are property. Julian Assange is an innocent man who has never stood trial. He does not deserve to be treated like cattle. He also does not deserve the treatment he has been given for simply being a real journalist who shared the truth with the public. It is ridiculous that he has been illegally detained for 8 years, 6 of which have been in the Embassy without sunlight, fresh air or proper medical care without any sign of relief in sight. #ItsTime we rise up and put our boots to the ground and protest this obvious violation of human rights and free press.

You can also donate to Assange’s legal fund at iamwikileaks.org/donate